For some patients the chances of developing a life-altering medical condition at rates similar to preventing the most common benefit (developing a non-fatal heart attack) may guide the decision. Furthermore, a patient at low risk can still receive the same potential benefit of myocardial infarction risk reduction from eating an apple a day 10 and a 30 per cent reduction in a high risk group (NNT=61 for heart attack, stroke or death) by consuming a handful of nuts or four tablespoons of extra virgin olive oil daily. 11
2. European Society of Cardiology. Essential messages from the European Society of Cardiology guidelines for the management of acute myocardial infarction in patients presenting with ST-segment elevation. 2012.